New Reports and Findings: Job Destruction is Hyped
Three new reports provide important findings and suggestions on the impact from Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive technologies. Thanks to BBC and Financial Times – new findings have got attention, represented with the fresh report “Automation, skills use and training” (OECD, March 2018). The report suggests that 14 % of the jobs in OECD countries are “highly automatable” which is far fewer than suggested by Frey and Osborne.
MacKinsey in December 2017 launched the report “Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation”. This report is also much more moderate than Frey and Osborn, and suggests that advanced economies will create sufficient new jobs to offset the impact of automation by 2030. “Globally, however, the workforce transitions ahead will be very large. Between 75 million and 375 million people may need to switch occupational group by 2030 due to automation, and will need to learn new skills or increase their level of education in order to find work” it says. Other findings of interest are for example estimates for differences in job creation and destruction in developing and developed countries. In both cases education is a big “job winner”.
The policy note “The Age of Artificial Intelligence, Towards a European Strategy for Human-Centric Machines” suggests that “AI holds the promise of addressing some of the world’s most intractable challenges, from climate change and poverty to disease. Used in bad faith, it can lead the world on a downward spiral of totalitarianism and war, endangering – according to Hawking – the very survival of humankind itself.” Furthermore, it suggests that the situation has to be met by a European Strategy for AI which:
Support. Build an environment that is favorable to the development and uptake of AI technologies
Educate. Focus on individuals to build AI skills and educate users
Enforce. Deploy and adapt traditional policy tools to tackle economic and societal challenges posed by AI
Steer. Ensure a human-centric approach that guarantees the highest level of welfare for citizens”
The goal, the note argue, should be a society where people feel empowered, not threatened by AI.
Why focus on this?
First of all, we are in the start of a huge disruptive wave that will post challenges, opportunities and cause major changes in education worldwide. Awareness is important.
Secondly, higher education institutions and systems should establish competencies, courses and “innovation labs” for AI and CT.
Thirdly, higher education should actively engage in the policy debate on meeting educational, economic and societal challenges posted by AI and CT.
Fourthly, higher education should actively take part in the ethical and governance debate on AI and CT to ensure a human-centric approach.
This message and similar has been provided when presenting an ICDE reflections on digitalization and the new waves of innovation, for example at the latest during the 1st International meeting on management and regulation of Health Work, 26-28 March 2018, Brasilia, Brazil, presenting “The International Panorama on Innovation in the Public Sector”
ICDE has a partner that does an excellent and innovative job in creating awareness and knowledge on new and emerging technologies, including AI and CT – Showcasing innovations in online learning – Virtually Inspired. A very relevant and timely initiative that one are urged to share and contribute to.